Veterans Day is an official United States public holiday, observed annually on November 11, that honors military veterans; that is, persons who served in the United States Armed Forces. It coincides with other holidays, including Armistice Day and Remembrance Day, celebrated in other countries that mark the anniversary of the end of World War I; major hostilities of World War I were formally ended at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918, when the Armistice with Germany went into effect.
Human, canine, avian and equine have all served in war side-by-side. We honor all of them this Veterans Day. Today we honor our American war horses. We apologize for the brutal and callous system of greed that used you, lied about you, betrayed you. We carry your memory and continue the fight.
“This one isn’t just any old horse. There’s a nobility in his eye, a regal serenity about him. Does he not personify all that men try to be and never can be? I tell you, my friend, there’s divinity in a horse, and specially in a horse like this. God got it right the day he created them. And to find a horse like this in the middle of this filthy abomination of a war, is for me like finding a butterfly on a dung heap. We don’t belong in the same universe as a creature like this.” ― Michael Morpurgo, War Horse
During the Civil War years the concept of breeding horses specifically for the United States Cavalry began to develop as the necessity became evident after an estimated 1.5 million horses died in the conflict, including wild horses.
After the Civil War westward migrations sparked the Plains Indian Wars. Native tribes that engaged these conflicts rode horses commonly known as “Mustangs.”
“Mustangs” developed from the Spanish and European horses that had gone wild during the colonial period (that possibly bred with indigenous stock, current research still questions if horses went extinct on the North American continent). These horses evolved into sure footed fast “ponies” which the plains Indians learned to maneuver very efficiently to fight on horseback. Their speed and agility, proved to be a most valuable asset against the U.S. Army.
Horses with lineage back to the Civil War, and the United States breeding program, would be bred and serve into the twentieth century up to World War II.
The movie War Horse, Directed by Steven Spielberg, brought movie audiences to tears. The bond between a boy and his horse, and the lengths they were both driven to, brought the life of a “war horse” during World War I to the big screen. Yet this movie never touched on the big picture. The vast majority of horses in the European conflict were not European, they were American.
The war quickly used up the supply of European horses. US contracts were made to supply American and Allied forces. The horses in the area now known as the Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge managed by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) was one of the most well documented areas where “war horses” were taken from to serve in the conflict.
In 1916 the Idaho Daily Statesmen declared about the Mustang: “The little western pony may not be up to cavalry standards, but he is a good little Ford, and will get you there and be up and about the next morning, and if cactus is the only food, he will take it and smile, leaving the regulation Packard waiting for the oats to catch up.”
During World War I, and into World War II, military cavalry contractor Harry Wilson (sometimes referenced as ‘Winton’) would roundup horses from the area now known as Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge. The horses would then be loaded onto railroad cars and shipped to the East Cost. From there the horses would make a trip across the Atlantic ocean by ship. Horses that survived the journey had a bit placed in their mouths and began to pull artillery or serve as a cavalry mount.
Captain Sydney Galtrey of the British Cavalry described these horses, “in a rough and ready shape; they were shoeless, long-haired, tousled-maned and had ragged hips. But they were tough; generations of their kind had become completely at home with roaming out in the open and in all kinds of weather.”
It is estimated that a shipment of 500 American horses left to supply American and allied troops during World War I every 1.5 days (archive stat). It is estimated that nearly eight million horses died in World War I alone.
Their historic value to our nation was not enough to save them. Not only were those herds destroyed they became ground zero for experimentation that included hysterectomies through the rectum. No tracking on range, no balanced studies of the ramifications. Sheldon became a herd unhinged and behaviors never witnessed in other herds ran rampant; a violent place of competition for the few fertile mares left on the range. Vasectomies and gelding left males behaviorally off balance and spaying increased the tension and the death rates. It was estimated that 30% of the mares died within 48 hours of the first experimental spaying; after release the death rate is unknown.
This experimentation ground laid the foundation to hit all of our wild herds, just a few short years later. It is happening now as one herd is gelded and the neighboring herd is set to be a spay experiment in Utah. So far, WHE is the only org legally appealing the plan.
We did what we could and went to court to get the most notorious of Killbuyers removed from the roster. Yet the confusion in the public was rampant. Sheldon was USFWS, and not BLM (pushed on social media by several “influencers” that did not understand actual management). The close dates to the McDermitt auction debacle, left us actually fighting for these horses alone after we helped with McDermitt and they would not step in to help us. More promises were broken than we can count. It was personal agony to be there alone, even at the roundup, and watch the last of the Sheldon herds decimated.
2014, the last of the Sheldon Mustangs, the most well documented American War Horse herd in history
The love of the public, and their historic connection to our military, was inconsequential to land managers catering to the desire of hunters for a utopia to exercise the right to kill wild things; our wild horses simply in the way.
Today we honor our American war horses. We apologize for the brutal and callous system of greed that used you, lied about you, betrayed you. We carry your memory and continue the fight.
On veterans day we remember all human, avian, canine and equines whose stories mirror the betrayal of the Sheldon this Veterans Day. We thank you and honor you and owe you a debt we can never repay.
A short video featuring Sargent Reckless.
What you can do, now, to help our wild ones
Please take action to demand Congress defund any roundups where the BLM has failed to create open and transparent management planning. Click HERE.
Call the Senate switchboard and ask for your rep. Demand that all actions against wild horses and burros halt until William Perry Pendley leaves the BLM. His tenure was ruled illegal and BLM is still moving an agenda forward for Pendley’s former law clients. Switchboard (202) 224-3121
Help us stay in the fight.